Watch the Chapter 4: Minor Scales online guitar lesson by Frank Vignola from Modern Method for Guitar

So far we have focused on the major scale, major triads and major arpeggios. In this chapter we turn our focus to the minor scales. The three minor scales are:

The Natural Minor Scale

The Harmonic Minor Scale

The Melodic Minor Scale

1. The formula for the natural minor scale, from the root is:

whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step

2. The only difference between the natural minor and the harmonic minor scale is a raised 7th. The formula for the harmonic minor scale from the root is:

whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, 1 and 1 1/2 steps, half step

3. The melodic minor is unique because it is different ascending from descending.

4. The formula for the melodic minor scale ascending is the same as the natural minor scale:

whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step

5. Descending, the formula from the root is:

half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step

6. Apply the same approach to the natural minor scale that we applied to the major scale. Write all 12 notes on a piece of paper.

7. Apply the formulas above to each of the notes to build the minor scale in all 12 keys.