Watch the Ionian & Lydian Arpeggios online guitar lesson by John Stowell from Modern Jazz Improv

Phrygian and Locrian sounds employ a bit more dissonance than the Dorian and Aeolian modes, but are very commonly used minor tonalities. The Phrygian is most often associated with the sound of flamenco music, but also appears in modern jazz compositions by musicians like Wayne Shorter and Chick Corea. The Locrian mode is used most often to replace a minor chord in a II-V-I cadence, in a cycle of 4ths alternating with dominant chords (as in the last cadence of "Stella by Starlight"), or in a descending chromatic progression (for example, bV half diminished, IV minor, III, VI, II V, I).