Our study of articulation will focus on duration, or the length of time notes will ring. Practice and focus on how short or how long you make the notes in these bass lines. The Italian word "legato" is used to indicate that a series of notes should be played smoothly and connected. The word "staccato" means that the note or notes are played short and separated from each other. Its very important to have a solid grasp of how long or how short the notes are to be played in these bass lines.