Watch the Claves: Solo online guitar lesson by Joe Deloro from Blues Rock Road Trip
As mentioned in the lesson text, the Clave rhythm is of African descent. So start drawing the line from there, where tribal musicians played the Clave and other established rhythms on percussion instruments to celebrate, as well as communicate over distance. The Clave's also been successful in the Americas in many variations. Besides Blues-Rock, it's also the backbone of Salsa and Afro-Cuban Jazz.
Stateside, "Bo Diddley" is probably the most commercially successful American variation to date. Recorded by the man of the same name, Bo was signed by Chicago's Chess Records around the same time as Chuck Berry. Released in 1955 by Chess, it along with Chuck Berry's initial hit, "Maybelline," outsold all of the previous Chess Blues catalogue up to that date. Ironically though, both were recorded with the usual Blues-based Chess session men. Also, both songs established a new trend; they were bought by teenagers and sold well in new cities for Chess. Times were changing. Chicago's transition from the Blues era to Rock & Roll had begun.